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Английский язык для слушателей отделения заочного обучения


АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК для слушателей отделения заочного обучения
юридических факультетов и вузов МВД



Предисловие


Настоящее пособие предназначено для обучения английскому языку слушателей отделения заочного обучения Луганской академии внутренних дел МВД Украины имени 10-летия независимости Украины. Пособие также может быть использовано на факультетах заочного отделения юридических вузов и вузов системы МВД.
Целью пособия является формирование у студентов навыков и умений самостоятельного чтения оригинальной литературы по специальности, извлечения необходимой информации в пределах заданной тематики, ведения беседы с использованием специальной юридической терминологии и соответствующих грамматических структур.
Структура пособия определяется принципом взаимосвязанного обучения на профессионально ориентированном материале. Тексты к каждой теме составлены на основе оригинальных текстов, взятых из английских и американских источников, в том числе периодических изданий последних лет. Содержание лексического и грамматического материала соответствует требованиям программы по английскому языку, утвержденному ученым советом ЛАВД.
Пособие состоит из четырех частей. Первая часть (основная) охватывает 11 разделов, предназначенных для работы со студентами на аудиторных занятиях. Каждый раздел состоит из текста – основы каждой темы; словаря-минимума, в котором, кроме перевода слов, дается объем их основных значений; набора лексических и грамматических упражнений по всем видам речевой деятельности; вопросов для проведения беседы и перечня соответствующих тем, которые выносятся на зачет или экзамен.
Вторая часть – задания для самостоятельной работы студентов в межсессионный период, построенные на грамматическом и лексическом материале, ранее рассмотренном на занятиях.
Третья часть – тексты для самостоятельной работы. Все тексты подобраны из оригинальных источников и адаптированы. Они которые могут быть использованы как для внеаудиторного чтения, так и для самостоятельной работы студентов.
Четвертая часть представляет собой грамматический справочник, включающий в себя краткое обьяснение грамматических явлений и таблицы. Грамматические явления в этом разделе излагаются систематически и используются в упражнениях. Имеется также приложение - "Таблица неправильных глаголов".

^ Основная часть


UNIT 1






Topic

: About myself.



Grammar

: Существительное: множественное число, притя-



жательный падеж. Местоимение. Глагол: неоп-ределенные времена


^ Ex. 1. Read the nouns in the plural.



[S]

[z]

[Iz]

tasks

jobs

places

stamps

laws

cases

texts

crimes

branches

chiefs

plans

judges

facts

days

boxes

desks

officers

classes


Ex. 2. Put the nouns into the plural.


A man, a key, a city, a baby, a book, a woman, a child, a pen, a flat, a tooth, a table, a foot, a bag, a wolf, a room, a roof, a student, a name, a hobby, a friend, a family, a cousin, a piano.

Ex. 3. Put the sentences into the plural form.



  1. This is a policeman.

  2. That boy is a student.

  3. The man is a lawyer.

  4. That child is a pupil.

  5. The woman is from Ukraine.

  6. This book is interesting.

  7. That subject is difficult.

Ex. 4. Change the underlined nouns into the personal pronouns.



  1. My family is not big.

  2. These books are on the shelf.

  3. I know that boy quite well.

  4. Open the book.

  5. My grandparents are pensioners.

  6. I met that woman in the shop.

  7. Her husband is an investigator.

  8. This young lady is a doctor.

  9. I saw the students in the library.

Ex. 5. Open the brackets and choose the right form of the pronoun in the possessive case.



  1. His parents live in (their, theirs) own house.

  2. (Your, yours) book is here and where is (my, mine)?.

  3. (Our, ours) Institute has correspondence courses.

  4. (Her, hers) relatives live in the country.

  5. (My, mine) flat is big and (your, yours) is small.

Ex. 6. Use the possessive case instead of the "of-phrases" where it is possible.



  1. The father of this boy works in militia.

  2. The name of that girl is Ann.

  3. The capital of Ukraine is Kiev.

  4. The children of that woman are pupils.

  5. The stories of Pushkin A. S. are known all over the world.

  6. The door of that room is open.

  7. The house of my grandparents is in the country.

Ex. 7. Put the nouns in the possessive case according to the model.


Model:

My sister has two children. They go to school. – My sister’s children go to school.

  1. My family lives in a flat. The flat is on the second floor.

  2. My friends have their own house. It is in the country.

  3. My father has many relatives. They live all over Ukraine.

  4. That boy has many friends. They are students.

  5. This man has a hobby. He plays volley-ball every day.

Ex. 8. Translate the following verbs into Russian. Give 3 forms of these verbs.


To work, to live, to take, to write, to finish, to read, to give, to go, to have, to do, to make, to include, to speak, to see, to meet, to decide, to enter, to miss, to know, to understand, to tell, to pass, to situate, to form, to steal, to find, to come.

Ex. 9. Open the brackets and choose the right form of the following verbs.



  1. They (are, have) many new subjects at the Institute.

  2. These men (are, have) part-time students.

  3. My colleague (is, has) an investigator.

  4. Police (is, has) a hierarchy of ranks.

  5. My grandparents (are, have) their own house.

  6. Those documents (are, have) on the table.

  7. These crimes (are, have) too serious.

Ex. 10. Open the brackets and put the verbs into the right form. Pay attention to the usage of the Indefinite Tenses.




  1. He often (to go) to his work by bus.

  2. I (to finish) school 5 years ago.

  3. The students usually (to take) exams and tests at the end of each term.

  4. There (to be) a lot of students at the lecture tomorrow.

  5. We (to see) an interesting detective film yesterday.

  6. I (to look through) the fresh newspapers every day.

  7. He (to write) the project in History last week.

  8. Sometimes I (to meet) my friends.

  9. This young man (to come back) next month.

Ex. 11. Put the questions using the words in the brackets.



  1. The lecture will begin at 9 a. m. tomorrow.(when)

  2. Yesterday I prepared for exams.(what)

  3. We study at the Lugansk Academy of Internal Affairs.(where)

  4. They will have a lot of work next week.(what)

  5. Our friends went to the seaside last year.(when)

  6. All the students missed classes the day before yesterday.(who)

  7. The students usually have three or four classes a day.(how many)

  8. The part-time students raise their educational level at the Institute.(what)

  9. He usually has dinner at home.(where)

Ex. 12. Questions on the topic: "About Myself".



  1. What is your name? Who are you?

  2. How old are you? Where were you born?

  3. What are you? What do you do? (What is your occupation)?

  4. Where are you from? Where do you live?

  5. Do you live in a flat or in a private house?

  6. How many rooms are there in your flat(house)?

  7. Are you married? Is your family large?

  8. Have you any relatives?

  9. Where do your parents live? What are they?

Unit 2






Text:

Our Academy.



Grammar:

Прилагательное. Наречие. Оборот there is. Дли-тельные времена. Модальные глаголы

^ Our academy


Our Academy, The Lugansk Academy of Internal Affairs named after the 10th anniversary of Ukraine's independance, is one of the youngest higher educational institutions in our region. It was founded in 1993. The academy has three faculties which train specialists in operational detection, criminal investigation and economic security activities.
The academic year consists of two terms. At the end of each term the students take several examinations and tests. The course of training at the institute provide the students with the knowledge and skills necessary for their professional activities.
The students take many general and special subjects, such as: philosophy, logics, the Ukrainian and foreign languages, the theory of state and law, the criminal law, criminalistics and others.
Great attention is given to the physical and military training. The students go in for athletics, boxing, wrestling, judo and many other kinds of sport.
There are also corresponding courses in the academy where militia officers can raise their educational level in jurisprudence. Those who combine work and studies are called part-time students. They have reduced working hours and paid leave for examination session.

Vocabulary



the Academy of Internal Affairs



-



академия внутренних дел

education



-



обучение, образование

educational institution



-



учебное заведение

to train



-



готовить, тренировать

to detect



-



разыскивать, раскрывать

detection



-



розыск, раскрытие

crime



-



преступление, правонарушение

criminal



-



уголовный, преступный

security



-



безопасность

activity



-



деятельность

correspondence courses



-



заочное обучение

militia officer



-



офицер милиции, сотрудник право-охранительных органов

to raise



-



повышать, улучшать

level



-



уровень

jurisprudence



-



юриспруденция

to investigate



-



расследовать, исследовать

term



-



срок, период, семестр

Ex. 1. Translate the words and word-combinations given in brackets into English.



  1. (Академия внутренних дел) was founded in 1993.

  2. The Academy has three ( факультета).

  3. There are (курсы заочного обучения) in the Academy.

  4. (Учебный год) consists of two terms.

  5. The students take many (экзаменов).

Ex. 2. Complete the sentences.



  1. I study in the Academy of …

  2. The Academy trains specialists in …

  3. The militia officers can raise their educational level in ...

  4. At the end of each term the students take …

  5. The students take many subjects …

Ex. 3. Give the degrees of comparison of the following adjectives.


Find the groups of antonyms.


Short, young, popular, interesting, famous, tall, bad, small, comfortable, polite, good, cold, many, fast, little, low, thick, old, high, difficult, big, warm, narrow, changeable, dirty, serious, progressive, much, wide, long, thin, slow, busy, friendly, clean, easy.

Ex. 4. Put the adjective into the right degree of comparison.



  1. My brother is five years (young) than me.

  2. The sitting-room is (comfortable) room in our flat.

  3. Murder and rape are (serious) crimes.

  4. In autumn days get (short) and the nights get (long).

  5. Summer is (good) season for holidays.

  6. This book is one of (interesting) I have ever read.

  7. That street is (long) street in our city.

Ex. 5. Open the brackets and choose the right form of the adjective or adverb.



  1. He knows English quite (good, well).

  2. Today is а (bad, badly) weather.

  3. The Crown Courts try (serious, seriously) cases.

  4. Thieves steal things (secret, secretly).

  5. Some students took their exams (quick, quickly).

  6. The White House is the (official, officially) residence of the US president.

  7. He is а very (polite, politely) person.

Ex. 6. Translate the sentences into Russian.



  1. There are twelve months in a year.

  2. What is there for supper tonight?

  3. There was a telegram for you on the table two days ago.

  4. There were no any mistakes in your dictation.

  5. How many rooms are there in your flat?

  6. There is an interesting article in this newspaper.

  7. There will be many new subjects next academic year.

Ex. 7. Put the sentences into the plural form.



  1. There is a telephone on the table.

  2. There was a detective film on TV last week.

  3. There is a student in the classroom.

  4. There will be an exam next month.

  5. There is a library in our city.

Ex. 8. Translate the sentences into Russian. Pay attention to the use of the Continuous Tenses.



  1. Listen! The telephone is ringing.

  2. The policeman was checking the documents when somebody knocked at the door.

  3. At this time tomorrow they will be leaving for Kiev.

  4. The students are making projects in the library now.

  5. The boys broke the window when they were playing football.

  6. The police will be searching the area where they lost the traces of that suspect.

  7. Do you realise what you are saying?

Ex. 9. Open the brackets and put the right form of the verb.



  1. Where (to be) the senior officer? He (to interview) the witnesses in the next room. He usually (to collect) all the facts himself.

  2. Yesterday the police squads (to check) the driving licences in the highways from morning till evening. They (to look for) the serious band of criminals.

  3. This court usually (to hear) appeals and (to try) the most serious cases from the courts of appeals and district courts.

  4. I (to work) in the library while you (to have dinner) tomorrow. I often (to prepare) for exams there.

  5. The police (to search) the crime scene now. The detectives always (to study) every detail of the crime.

Ex. 10. Translate the sentences into Russian. Pay attention to the usage of the modal verbs.



  1. The detective took up a position from which he could see what was going around.

  2. The policeman ordered that everybody must leave the house.

  3. I think I ought to inform the police about this accident.

  4. You needn’t trouble yourself.

  5. May I use your telephone?

  6. I had to come here incognito to avoid publicity.

  7. We are to have a lecture and two seminars tomorrow.

Ex. 11. Put the right modal verbs into the sentences.



  1. The students … give the books back to the library in time.

  2. I … speak two foreign languages.

  3. All students … attend classes.

  4. … I do this work tomorrow?

  5. They … go to the seaside next week.

Ex. 12. Answer the questions.



  1. When was the Academy of Internal Affairs founded?

  2. How many faculties are there in the Academy?

  3. How many terms does the academic year consist of?

  4. What do students take at the end of each term?

  5. What subjects do the students have in the Academy?

Unit 3






Text:

State structure of Ukraine.



Grammar:

Совершенные времена глагола. Наречия време-ни. Неопределенные времена глагола в страда-тельном залоге.


^ State Structure of Ukraine


The Constitution establishes the country’s political system. Ukraine is a sovereign and independent, democratic, social, legal state. It is a unitary, not a federal, state with single citizenship. Ukraine is a republic. The people are the only source of power which is exercised through the bodies of state power and local self-government.
The Constitution outlines the structure of the national go­vernment and specifies its powers and duties. Under the Consti­tution the powers of the government are divided into three bran­ches – the legislative, the executive and the judicial.
The only body of the legislative power in Ukraine is parliament – the Supreme Rada (the Verkhovna Rada). It consists of 450 people’s deputies, who are elected for a term of four years on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. The Supreme Rada’s main function is making laws. The Supreme Rada adopts the State Budget for the period from January 1 to Decem­ber 31 and controls the execution of it.
The President of Ukraine is the head of the state and speaks on behalf of it. He is elected directly by the voters for a term of five years with no more than two full terms. The President is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of Ukraine and is responsible for relations between Ukraine and other powers.
The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet of Ministers. It is responsible to the President and is accountable to the Supreme Rada. The Cabinet is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the President and approved by the Supreme Rada. The Cabinet carries out domestic and foreign policy of the state, develops and fulfills national programs on the economic, scientific and technological, social and cultural development of Ukraine.
Justice in Ukraine is exercised entirely by courts. It is administered by the Constitutional Court and by courts of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of Ukraine is the highest juri­dical body of general jurisdiction.



Vocabulary



sovereign



-



суверенный

independent



-



независимый

independence



-



независимость

legal



-



правовой, законный

citizen



-



гражданин

citizenship



-



гражданство

powers and duties



-



полномочия и обязанности

legislative



-



законодательный

executive



-



исполнительный

judicial



-



судебный

to elect (election)



-



выбирать (выборы)

to vote



-



голосовать (избирать)

suffrage



-



избирательное право

by secret ballot



-



тайным голосованием

to make law



-



создавать законы

to perform



-



выполнять, исполнять

the State Budget



-



гос. бюджет

to speak on behalf of



-



выступать от имени

to be responsible for (... to )



-



быть ответственным за что-л.
(перед кем-л.)

to carry out



-



выполнять, осуществлять

domestic (home) policy



-



внутренняя политика

foreign policy



-



внешняя политика

to develop



-



развивать, разрабатывать

justice



-



правосудие, справедливость

jurisdiction



-



правоведение, юрисдикция

court (Constitutional court,



-



суд (Конституционный суд,

the Supreme court,



-



Верховный суд,

court of general jurisdiction)



-



суд общей юрисдикции).


^ Ex. 1. Read and translate the following words into Russian.
Constitution, political, system, democratic, sovereign, social, unitary, federal, republic, structure, national, parliament, secret, function, committee, budget, period, control, president, commander, cabinet, minister, national, program, economic, technological, cultural.
^ Ex. 2. Form the nouns from the following verbs.
To develop, to govern, to establish, to appoint, to perform, to elect, to adopt, to recognise, to execute, to constitute, to relate.
Ex. 3. Give the corresponding adjectives.
Policy, independence, importance, economy, democracy, society, nation, science, technology, culture, execution, legislation, constitution, federation.
^ Ex. 4. Translate the words given in brackets.


  1. Ukraine is democratic, (суверенное), social, unitary, (не-зависимое), (правовое), not a federal state (с единым гражданством).

  2. The Supreme Rada is (единственный орган законодатель-ной власти) in Ukraine.

  3. The main function of the the Supreme Rada is (создание законов).

  4. (Выборы президента) are held every five years by (изби-рателями).

  5. (Выборы депутатов) are held every four years on the basis of direct, (равного) and universal (избирательного права).

  6. The people’s deputies are elected by (тайным голосованием).

  7. The Supreme Rada adopts (государственный бюджет).

  8. The President (несет ответственность за) relations with other countries.

  9. The Cabinet carries out (внешнюю и внутреннюю поли-тику) of the state.

  10. (Правосудие в Украине) is exercised entirely by (судами общей юрисдикции).

Ex. 5. Translate the sentences into Russian. Pay attention to the use of the Perfect Tenses.



  1. Some states in the USA have established state bureaus of identification for criminal identification and investigation.

  2. When the state’s attorney has finished his direct examination of the witness, the defendant’s attorney may then cross-examine the witness upon any matter.

  3. The monarchy has been in existence for over а thousand years.

  4. By the end of January the British Parliament had adopted the State Budget of the country.

  5. The judge will have read the instructions before the jury deliberates upon its decision.

  6. The investigator has already gathered sufficient evidence and listened testimony of that case.

  7. The attorneys will have presented the evidence so that the jury or the judge may reach а just verdict or decision.

  8. Each state in the USA has established а system of courts, including state supreme court.

  9. By 1959 fifty states had entered the federation of the USA.

Ex. 6. Open the brackets and put the right forms of the verbs.



  1. I often (to see) him last year. But I (not to see) him this year yet.

  2. My friend (to prepare) for exam in History of state and law at this moment. He already (to pass) examination in criminalistics. We usually (to take) three or four exams every term.

  3. Tomorrow at 10.00 a.m. we (to have) the meeting. By 9.00 o’clock we (to bring) the documents. We (to discuss) all questions from 10.00 till 12.00 a.m.

  4. The students (to like) to read detective stories. I just (to take) an interesting book in the library. I (to read) it from 6 till 10 p. m. tomorrow.

  5. I (to go) to Kiev next week. I never (to be) there.

Ex. 7. Open the brackets and choose the right adverbs.



  1. Police have found the band of gangsters (already, yesterday).

  2. The Queen will summon the Parliament (next week, by the end of the week).

  3. (Recently, last year) the Cabinet of Ministers has discussed the national programmes on economic, scientific and social development of Ukraine.

  4. (Just, every day) police officers patrol the highways.

  5. The Parliament adopted some new Bills (two days ago, just).

Ex. 8. Translate the sentences from English into Russian. Pay attention to the voice of the verb.



  1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on two large islands called the British Isles and is washed by the Atlantic ocean, the North Sea and the Irish Sea.

  2. The US Constitution was adopted in 1787.

  3. The President of the USA is assisted by secretaries who are in charge of the executive departments.

  4. Britain is governed by elected representatives of the people.

  5. The British government is usually formed by the party that can command a majority in the House of Commons.


^ Ex. 9. Make the following interrogative and negative.


  1. All students are supplied with textbooks.

  2. The room was painted last summer.

  3. The shop will be closed at 8 o’clock.

  4. The Institute of Internal Affairs was built 5 years ago.

  5. The radio was invented by Popov.

  6. The language labs are equipped with tape-recorders.

  7. The tickets will be sold next week.

Ex. 10. Change the following sentences into Passive.



  1. The President heads the state.

  2. The Supreme Rada ’s Committees perform law drafting work.

  3. The President appoints the Cabinet of Ministers.

  4. The Supreme Rada adopts the State Budget.

  5. The deputies elect the leader of the the Supreme Rada.


^ Ex. 11. Transform from Passive into Active.


  1. The powers of the Government are formed by the legislative, the executive and the judicial branches.

  2. Home and foreign policy of Ukraine is carried out by the Cabinet of Ministers.

  3. Justice in Ukraine is exercised entirely by courts.

  4. Justice in Ukraine is administrated by courts of general jurisdiction.

  5. National programs are developed by the Cabinet of Ministers.

  6. The country is governed by the President on behalf of its people.

Ex. 12. Complete the sentences.



  1. Ukraine is...

  2. The Constitution establishes...

  3. The powers of the state government are divided into three branches...

  4. The legislative body in Ukraine is...

  5. People’s deputies are elected for a term of...

  6. The main function of the Supreme Rada is...

  7. The President is elected by...

  8. The President is...

  9. The highest body of the executive power is...

  10. The Cabinet of Ministers carries out...

  11. Justice in Ukraine is administrated by...

  12. The highest juridical body is...

Ex. 13. Agree or disagree with the following statements.



  1. Ukraine is a sovereign, independent, democratic, social, legal, not a federal state.

  2. The powers of the government are divided into the legislative and the judicial branches.

  3. The President is the head of the state and the head of the executive branch of the government.

  4. The only body of the legislative power is the Supreme Court.

  5. The main function of the Supreme Rada in Ukraine is making laws.

  6. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible to the President.

  7. The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet of Ministers.

  8. The Cabinet of Ministers is responsible for the relations between Ukraine and other countries.

  9. The Parliament carries out domestic and foreign policy.

  10. The Supreme Court is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction.

Ex. 14. Answer the questions.



  1. What kind of state is Ukraine? What is its political statues?

  2. What branches are the powers of the national government divided into?

  3. What is the legislative body of Ukraine?

  4. How many people’s deputies are elected into the Supreme Rada according to the Constitution?

  5. What term are people’s deputies elected for? How are they elected?

  6. What is the main function of the Supreme Rada?

  7. How is the President elected?

  8. What are the main powers and duties of the President?

  9. What is the highest body of the executive power?

  10. Who is the Cabinet of Ministers headed by?

  11. Who is the Prime Minister appointed by?

  12. What policy does the Cabinet of Ministers carry out?

  13. What is justice in Ukraine administrated by?

  14. What is the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction?

Ex. 15. Speak on the following topics.



  1. Political system of Ukraine.

  2. The Supreme Rada.

  3. The President of Ukraine.

  4. The Cabinet of Ministers.


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